The records include an image of the original banns book and a transcript of the individual entry. The amount of information in each entry may vary, but most will include:
The county of Hertfordshire lies in southern England and includes much of the northern and central areas of the London Borough of Barnet. The county town is Hertford. Many examples of Neolithic, Bronze Age and Roman remains have been discovered in Hertfordshire and there are a number of, Roman roads throughout the county. Modern day Hertfordshire is served by a network of rail links and direct roads to London.
Banns of marriage, more commonly known simply as the “banns” or “bans” (from a Middle English word meaning “proclamation”, rooted in the Old French) are the public announcement in a Christian parish church of an impending marriage. Banns were announced in the home parishes of the parties involved for three Sundays in a row in the three month leading up to the wedding date. If the record does not state the marriage date it can be estimated by the date of the last banns announcement. Banns are not a confirmation that a marriage took place. In some cases, the banns may have been announcement but for different reasons the couple did not proceed with the marriage.
Their purpose of banns is to prevent invalid marriages by allowing anyone to raise any canonical or civil legal impediment to the marriage. These impediments might include a pre-existing marriage that has neither been dissolved or annulled, a vow of celibacy, lack of consent or the couple being related within the prohibited degrees of kinship. Couples could obtain a marriage licence for a fee if they wished to waive the Bann period. There are different reasons why couples married by licence instead of by Bann; they may have wanted to get married quickly, they may have wanted to show that they could pay for a licence or the couple was getting married away from home.